Results of the War
By:Holly


Who was in the result of the war? Lieutenant General Jean Rochambeau led the 5,500 French troops to reach America in 1780. George Washington was the leader of the Americans. Admiral Francois de Grasse helped General George Washington. General Cornwallis led the British against the Americans. General Cornwallis was not there to give the sword in a sign of surrender. Instead, in his place General Charles O' Hara was there. General Washington saw what they were doing, he selected General Benjamin Lincoln to represent the Americans. 
What was the result of the Revolutionary war? The Treaty of Paris was one of the documents that was resulted from the war.  It acknowledged the independence of the United States and established the new nations borders. The thirteen British colonies also took off the royal ruling. They established governments in its place. There were also many soldiers dead and France almost went into bankruptcy. 
When was the result of the war? The United States had won and they got independence. They established governments.
Where was the end of the war? The British surrendered at Yorktown, near Chesapeake Bay and the James River in Virginia. This surrender ended the war.
Why did the war end? The Americans had cornered the British and they did not have anywhere to go. They had blocked off all the escape routes for the British. On October 17th, 1781, General Cornwalis wrote to Washington asking for a cease-fire. Two days later they officially surrendered.
How much did the war cost? The 13 states and Congress were deep in debt. But the new Constitution gave the right to tax. That helped a lot. The United Kingdom almost went into bankruptcy. Trade with the United States helped a lot. France was nearly broke.

Surrender at Yorktown


The last big battle of the Revolutionary War was fought in Yorktown. French and American forces worked together to defeat the British under the direction of Cornwallis.  

Around 5,500 French soldiers had reached America in July 1780. Lieutenant General Jean Rochambeau led them. Washington still wanted to get the British out of New York with the help of the French. In August 1781, Washington learned that a French fleet was headed on the way to Virginia led by Admiral Francois de Grasse. They planned to block the British from escaping through Chesapeake Bay. Washington and Rochambeau rushed the troops south to trap Cornwallis. A British naval force had come down from New York City and battled with de Grasse. But after many days, the British fleet returned to New York for repair.

By late September 1781, Cornwallis was aware that he was in trouble. A combined 18,000 American and French soldiers and sailors had surrounded him at Yorktown. The soldiers slowly but steadily closed in around them.  Cornwallis then made a desperate effort on the night of October 16th, to ferry his forces across the York River, but a storm pushed them right back.  He asked for surrender terms the next day.

The surrender at Yorktown took place on the day of October 19th, 1781.

The United Kingdoms defeat was actually not the end of the war. The war dragged on for about two more years in some areas. But, the British leaders feared that they would lose more parts of the United Kingdom if they continued the war in America.

 

The Treaty of Paris
Peace negotiations for the Americans and British began in Paris in April 1782. Richard Oswald, a wealthy merchant, represented the British. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay, who were statesmen, represented the United States. The Congress instructed the American delegates to check with the French before they did anything. But they didnt listen to the instructions and concluded a peace treaty with the United Kingdom on November 30th, 1782. The Congress approved it on April 15th, 1783 and signed it on September 3rd, 1783.

The Treaty of Paris acknowledged the independence of the United States and established the new nations borders. The United States territory went to west to the Mississippi River, north to Canada, east to the Atlantic Coast and south to around Florida. The United Kingdom gave Florida to Spain. The document also gave Americans fishing rights off the coast of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. The last British soldiers were taken out from New York City in November 1783.

Results of the War

As an outcome of the Revolutionary War, the 13 British colonies took off the royal ruling. In its place, they established governments ruled by law and devoted to the assurance of certain basic rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Thomas Paine said that the Revolutionary War, contributed more to enlighten the world, and diffuse the spirit of freedom and liberality among mankind, than any human event&that ever preceded it.

War Losses

Most historians estimate that there were 7,200 Americans killed in battle during the Revolutionary War. Approximately 8,200 more were wounded. 10,000 more died in military camps from disease or exposure. Some 8,500 more died in prison after being captured by the British. All the deaths added up to about 27,500. Also, to add to that, 1,400 soldiers were missing. British military deaths came up to about 10,000. Soldiers came out of the war empty-handed. They didnt get very much money while they served. Some didnt even get money at all. Soldiers who served in the entire war got a certificate for Western land. But many veterans had to sell the certificates for money before the Western lands were available. In 1818, Congress agreed to pay pensions.


Costs of the War


The 13 states and the Congress were deep in debt to pay for the Revolutionary War. A new Constitution gave Congress the power of taxing people. Congress paid off a lot of the war because of taxes.

The Revolutionary War brutally strained the United Kingdoms economy. The Parliament and king worried that the country would go into bankruptcy. But after the war, trade with the United States helped a lot. Taxes on this trade reduced the United Kingdoms economy.

Out of all the countries that were in the war, France could least afford its expending. By 1788, the country was nearly bankrupt. There financial troubles added to the cause of the French Revolution.


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Sources:

 

Martin, James Kirby. "Revolutionary War in America." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. Internet January 11, 2007<http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar466820>.

Ritchie, Donald, and Albert S. Broussard. American History. 1st. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 1997

"An Unlikely Victory." The History Place- The American Revolution. 1998. The History Place. 29 Jan 2007 <http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/revwar-77.htm>.