Townshend Acts
By: Jared

Who?

William Pitt

In the summer of 1766, the king (King George III of England) replaced the Minister Rockingham with William Pitt. Pitt was very popular in all the colonies. Pitt opposed the Stamp Act. William also believed that the colonists were free to all the rights of the English citizens.

 

William Pitt became very ill. Charles Townshend, Chancellor of the Exchequer, took over the efficient reins of the government. Townshend, unlike his professor, was not concerned with the subtleties of the rights of the American colonists. Charles wanted to strengthen the power of the British parliament, which would give power to the royal officials. Townshend convinced the Parliament to agree on a series of laws striking new taxes on the colonists. These laws were focused on lead, paint, paper, glass and tea imported by colonists. The New York legislature was balanced until it agreed to quarter British soldiers.

 

The Townshend Acts also insured that colonial officials, including governors and judges, would be given their salaries directly from the Crown.


People  of the Townshend Acts

John Hanson

    John Hanson was a statesman of Maryland at the time of the Revolutionary War in America. In 1781, John was president of the Congress of the Confederation, which was the first government of the United States.

    John was born in Charles County, Maryland. John Hanson served in the American Assembly from 1757 to 1779. He lead battle to various British attempts to tax the American Colonies, including the Stamp Act 1765 and the Townshend Acts if 1767. John also organized and helped the British in their military training.

    In the year of 1779, John was elected to the Continental Congress. He also signed the Articles of Confederation. This was the agreement which the original 13 colonies was formed by the United States.




Who, What, When?

    The Towshend Acts were issued in the year of 1767. The Townshend Acts were issued because there were tons of conflicts between the colonies and the Parliament A finance official wrote these Acts. Theses laws placed import taxes on paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea coming into America. The money that was made off of the taxes would be used to pay British colonial officials. The Townshend Acts even allowed official to obtain writs of assistance (blank search warrants). With the acts now, officials could search anywhere for suspected smuggled goods.

    The colonies once again protested. The colonists sent petitions to the Parliament. Merchants and gardeners throughout the colonies signed the non-importation agreements in which they agreed to not import the items that were taxable. The Sons of Liberty saw this happening. The concerned colonial women then formed the Daughters of Liberty. The Daughters of Liberty signed pledges against drinking tea and buying British cloth. The Daughters of Liberty started forming knitting and spinning clubs to keep their pledge, but still get clothes. Wearing homespun fabric became an important symbol of American resistance against tyranny.



Sources

"Townshend Acts Imposed on the Colonies 1767." Townshend Acts Imposed on the Colonies 1767. 2000. History Central. 12 Jan 2007 <http://www.multied.com/Revolt/Townshend.html>.

Maier, Pauline. "Hanson, John." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Internet, Jan 12, 2007.] <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar245580>.

Ritchie, Donald, and Albert Broussard. American History- The Early Years to 1877. Westerville, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 1997.


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