The Declaration of Independence
By Alanna


Who? Second continental congress- On June 7th, 1776, Virginias Richard Henry Lee introduced his idea to the Second Continental Congress.  He said, These united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states.  Soon after, the congress appointed several people to draft a declaration of independence.  The committee gave the task of drafting this declaration to Thomas Jefferson, who finished in about two weeks.  Ben Franklin and John Adams edited and made minor changes to his document.  
What?

The historical document in which the 13 American colonies declared their independence from Great Britain.  The declaration expresses the colonies reasons for wanting to separate from its mother country.  There are four sections, the first is the preamble, which is an introduction that explains why the Continental Congress drew  up the Declaration.  The second part, the Declaration of Rights, tells about the rights of all the citizens of the colonies.  The third part of the declaration lists all of the complaints of colonists caused by the king.  The last section of the Declaration says that the colonies are free and independent states.

 
Where?

Congress met in Independence Hall in Philadelphia to finish the draft and to approve it for engrossment.

 
When?

On the fourth of July 1776 the congress approved and adopted the document.

 
Why?

Richard Henry Lee introduced to the colonists a resolution that made others want to gain independence from Great Britain.  His words demonstrated how serious his resolution was.  This was an important step in the forming of the Declaration of Independence.  Many were inspired by his published work, Common Sense and wanted to fulfill his dream among many others.  

 
How?

The colonists believed the independence was something worth fighting for.  Supporters of Richard Henry Lee formed a committee to write their formal declaration of independence.  These members were Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman.  They chose Thomas Jefferson, a wonderful writer, to make their draft.  They  submitted it to congress after it was edited. 







 

Source 1

Rakove, Jack N. "Declaration of Independence." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Internet. January 10, 2007.] <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar151520>.

Source2

"Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776." Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776. 2000. History Central. 15 Jan 2007 <http://www.multied.com/Revolt/declare2.html>.


Source 3

"United States Declaration of Independence." Wikipedia. 26 Jan 2007 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Declaration_of_Independence>.



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