Stamp Act
By: Jill

   "No taxation without representation"





Who?
The Stamp Act was made by the British Parliament in March of 1765.  It was used to tax the colonists for items such as mortgages and licenses.  Many colonists didn't like this tax.  Some of the more famous colonists to fight against this wrong doing was Patrick Henry.  He suggested that there should be more protest to show the British that they mean business. Many of the towns had this as their slogan against the tax, "no taxation without representation".

What?

The Stamp Act was used to tax the colonist on items that they would used often. They needed to buy stamps for things such as deeds, mortgages, liquor licenses, law licenses, playing cards, and almanacs. Newspaper owners and publishers also had to buy stamps for their publications. What really made the colonists upset was that they knew that the British could only be taxed by representatives that were elected, but Americans didn't vote in the Parliament. So, they thought the Stamp Act went against the idea of  "no taxation without representation".  


When?
The Massachusetts Assembly thought that a meeting with all the representives from the colonies to make a written protest would help. Delegates from 9 colonies met in New York City in October, 1765. This became known as the Stamp Act Congress.  A petetiton was made and solutions were sent to King George III in England.  Some of the delegates still supported the British, and they wanted  the others to recognize their rights under British rule.  The colonists ended up making the British get rid of the Stamp Act in 1766.
Where? The Stamp Act Congress took place at the town hall in Massachusetts.  The Virgina Assembly  took place in  Virgina, where they said that the Stamp Act was illegal and not right.

How?
The British Parliament  first taxed the Colonists in March of 1765 to raise money for the British army. The Parliament taxed Colonists on many items inculding playing cards, newspapers, licenses, mortages, documents, and any other printed paper that was used.  The colonists had had enough. By the end of 1765, over 1,000 Colonists merchants had signed an agreement  not to buy or sell any British products. The British Parliament got rid of the Stamp Act in March of 1766.
Why? The British Parliament issued the Stamp Act because Britian was in was and needed money for supplies. Because the colonists used a lot of the British's merchandise (because they were still under British rule), and so a lot of people bought and sold belong to the British. That's why they were taxed on the things that they bought and sold.


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  Sources
Source 1

Bullion, John L. "Stamp Act." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Internet. January 10, 2007.] <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar528680>.

Source 2

"A Summary of the 1765 Stamp Act." Colonial Williamsburg. 2007. Colonial Williamsburg. 15 Jan 2007 <http://www.history.org/History/teaching/tchcrsta.cfm>.

Source 3 Ritchie, Donald A., and Albert S. Broussard. Taxes and Boycotts. Westerville, Ohio: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 1997.