Declaration Of Indpendence
                            By: Kristin

Continental Congress
Intolerable Acts were suprised the colonists
Statement Of Independence
Statement made in order to know what is right

Adoption Of Declaration
Congress Aproved Lee Resolution
Importance Of Declaration
Far beyond reasons

 



Declaration of Independence can be divided into four different parts. 1.) Preamble 2.) A Declaration Of Rights 3.) A Bill Of Indictment 4.) A Statement Of indpendence


Events leading to the Declaration
The Declaration of Independence expressed the colonies reasons for rejecting British Rule. There were 3 Parliaments to raise taxes and heated Protestants from the colonies. The efforts were the Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Acts of 1767, and the Tea Act of 1773.  The form of government becomes very destructive. All laws passed by colonial legislatures had to be sent to the British Monarch. After dissolving colonial legislatures, royal governors sometimes took an extremely long time before letting new assemblies to be elected. On July 2nd, the Congress approved the Lee resolution. The Declaration Of Rights once said that all men are treated equally and fairly. Americans had rejected this and totally disagreed the idea of legal aristocracy, but a lot of people still approved of our tolerated slavery. The governments exist to protect all rights of people.  The Pursuit of Happiness meant the right to have property, and own it. During this ten year period prior to the adoption, American leaders challenged the British Parliament.

Events leading to the Declaraion cont.

The Declaration of Independence expressed the colonies reasons for rejecting British Rule. There were 3 Parliaments to raise taxes and heated Protestants from the colonies. The efforts were the Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Acts of 1767, and the Tea Act of 1773.  The form of government becomes very destructive. All laws passed by colonial legislatures had to be sent to the British Monarch. After dissolving colonial legislatures, royal governors sometimes took an extremely long time before letting new assemblies to be elected. On July 2nd, the Congress approved the Lee resolution. The Declaration Of Rights once said that all men are treated equally and fairly. Americans had rejected this and totally disagreed the idea of legal aristocracy, but a lot of people still approved of our tolerated slavery. The governments exist to protect all rights of people.  The Pursuit of Happiness meant the right to have property, and own it. .During this ten year period prior to the adoption, American leaders challenged the British Parliament.  In 1774, Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party that enlocked the port of Boston. The Stamp Act made colonists pay for stamp acts placed on newspapers, playing cards, diplomas, and other varius documents.

The Continental Congress
The Intolerable Acts really suprised the colonists. The First Continental Congress met on September 5, 1774 in Philidelphia to plan measures of assistance. All of the colonies except Georgia sent the representatives to Congress. The delegates really helped and supported the view of the colonists, but they could not be ruled by a Parliament in which they are not represented. In 1775, many of the colonists still did not favor declaraing themselves independent of the British Crown. In July, the Colonists sent a final petition to Britian declaring  loyalty to the king and addresing their complaints. The King simply ignored their request and declared the colonies to be in rebellion.

Adoption of the Declaration
On July 2, the Congress approved the Lee resolution. The delegates then began to debate Jefferson's draft. A few passages, including one condemning King George for encouraging the slave trade, were removed. Most other changes dealt with style. On July 4, the Congress adopted the final draft of the Declaration of Independence.

 

The Declaration was signed by John Hancock as president of the Second Continental Congress and by Charles Thomson, the Congress's secretary. It was promptly printed and read to a large crowd in the State House yard on July 8. On July 19, the Congress ordered the Declaration to be engrossed (written in stylish script) on parchment. It also ordered that all its members sign the engrossed copy. Eventually, 56 members signed

Importance of the Delcaration.
This goes far beyond the reasons it provided for trading the colonies' allegiance to King George III.  Drawing upon the writings of the English philosopher John Locke and other English thinkers, it states two universal principles that have been important to developing democracies ever since. The first principle is that governments exist for the benefit of the people and not their rulers, and that when a government turns to tyranny

(unjust use of power), the people of that country have a right to resist and overturn the government. The second principle, that "all men are created equal," has served as a powerful reminder that all members of a society are entitled to the full protection of the law and to the right to participate in public affairs.

The original parchment copy of the Declaration is housed in the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C. It is displayed with two other historic American documentsthe United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

Statement Of Indpendence
 The Continental Congress had asked the king to correct many abuses stated in the Declaration. These appeals were ignored or followed by even worse abuses.
Congress had also appealed without success to the British people themselves.We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do.
And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
Because all appeals had failed, the signers of the Declaration, as representatives of the American people, felt only one course of action remained. They thus declared the colonies independent, with all ties to Britain ended.

Bill Of Indictment
This has been the real suffrance of the Colonies; and now this constrains them to alter their Systems Of Government.The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a the whole world.All laws passed by the colonial legislatures had to be sent to the British monarch for approval. George rejected many of the laws as harmful to Britain or its empire. He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

Preamble A Declaration Of Rights
A Bill of Indictment A Statement of Independence

Source:
Rakove, Jack N. "Declaration of Independence." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Internet January 12, 2007.] <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar151520>
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