|Results and end of the Revolutionary War|
There were alot of deaths in the Revolutionary War. It was recoreded by most historians that about 7,200 Americans were killed during the Revolutionary War. About 8,200 more were injured. Around 10,00 others died from diseases or exposure in military camps. Some where around 8,500 died in prison from getting captured by the British.
The total deaths for the Americans from all of those causes are 25,000 casualties. Another 1,400 soldiers went missing. On the other hand the British lost less people than the Americans. They lost about 10,00 soldiers in war. A lot of soldiers in the continental army came out of the war broke. They received little or no pay while they served in the war. Soldiers who had been in the war the whole time got a certificate for the western land. Many of the veterans had to sell their certificates because they needed money before the western lands were available. In the year of 1818, Congress agreed to pay pensions to needy veterans of the war. The money cost was a lot also. The 13 states and the Congress went into deep dept in finances. A new constitution gave the congress power to charge taxes in 1788. Largely by charging taxes most of the war costs were paid off by the 1800s. The Revolutionary War severly damaged the United Kingdoms economy. The Parliament and the king feared the war might bankrupt the country. But after the war, they started trading more with the United States which helped them recover. Taxes on that trade also reduced the United Kingdoms debt. Of all the nations, France could least afford its debt. By 1788, the country was nearly bankrupt. Frances financial problems helped bring on the French Revolution in 1789.
Most of the fighting took place in Virginia during 1781. In January, the traitor Benedict Arnold began making raids in Virginia for the British, who had made him brigadier general. His trops set crops military supplies, and other patriot properties on fire. To stop those raids, George Washington sent Lafayette with a force of continentals to stop these raids. But Lafayette had few too troops to stop Arnold.
The last major battle of the Revolutionary war was fought in Yorktown. American and French forces worked together to deliver a crushing defeat on the British while General Cornwalis was leading.
About 5,500 French Soldiers had reached the Americas in July 1780. These troops were led by Lieutenant General Jean Rochambeau. Washington hoped to drive the British out of New York with the help of the French. In August 1781, Washington heard that there was a French Fleet under Admiral Francois de Grasse was headed for Virginia. Those ships planned to stop the British from escaping on water. The French had came to their aid! A british naval ship fought with De Grasse at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay in early September. After a couple of days, the british ship returned to New York for repairs. In late September, Cornwallis realized that he was in major trouble because he had an American and French combination of about 18,000 soldiers and sailors surrounded him at Yorktown. Slowly and steadly the American and French forces moved in on Cornwallis and his troops. On October 16, Cornwallis made a desperate attempt to cross the York river on a ferry, but a storm caused them to go back. The next day he asked for a surrender. The surrender at Yorktown took place on Oct. 19, 1781. More than 8,00 British soldiers laided down their arms that day to the song the World Turned Upside Down. Those men represented about a fourth of the United Kingdoms military force in the America at that time.
Discussions of peace started in Paris in April 1782. The representatives for the British was Richard Oswald, a wealthly merchant and for the United states representatives were Ben Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay negotiated for the states. The treaty of paris was singed on September 3, 1783. The main idea of the treaty was that the United States independence from Britian. They didnt own the Americans anymore. It also consisted of plus and minus for both sides. Really thanks to the French is why we won the war.
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