In May of 1775 the second continental congress was just beginning. During that may very few delegates wanted to break ties with the mother country so a man by the name of John Dickinson wrote a letter to the king named the Olive Branch Petition. The congress approved this in July of that year. The letter stated that the colonists were still loyal to the king but said that the king should try to meet their complaints with laws and regulations on the colonies. The king ignored the petition. On August 23, he said that all the colonists to be in a rebellion. A few Months after this the Parliament closed all American ports, harbors and connections to overseas trade. The actions presented by the Parliament convinced the colonists that there was no longer a chance for a peaceful solution.
The cause for the revolution continued to escalate through the early months of 1776. In January, a man by the name of Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet entitled Common Sense. The writer attacked King George III as an unjust man, he argued spectacularly for the undeniable independence and freedom of the colonies.
In June of 1776, Richard Henry Lee from Virginia presented the resolution in the congress. That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states, & The congress decided to form a comity to create a declaration of independence in case Lees solution was accepted. On July 2, The Congress Approved the solution appointed by Lee, the Declaration of independence was finished on July 4, and the USA was formed.
The Writer of the Declaration of Independence was Thomas Jefferson. The Declaration is divided into 4 different parts: The Preamble, which describes the reasoning for them thinking that they should be free because of the Kings obscene laws, The Declaration of Natural Rights, which describes the rights that every single human being deserves, We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain undeniable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. (Ritchie, Broussard 220), a List of Grievances, which Lists the complaints made by the colonists against the king of England because of the laws created by the king, and finally the Resolution of Independence by The United States, which describes that the colonists are in no way loyal to the king and by right are free.
The people who signed it are John Hancock, Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton, Samuel Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry, Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery, Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott, William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris, Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark, Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross, Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean, Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton, William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn, Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton.
As a result of the war the colonies were freed from the tyrannical British rule. In the place of the British government they put there own which they dedicated to serving the people. The government decided they would make sure the people had the basic rights pf Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Thomas Paine stated that the Revolutionary War contributed more to enlighten the world, and diffuse a spirit of freedom and liberality among mankind, than any human event & that ever preceded it.
Source 1 World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Internet. Jan 12 2007.] <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar466820>.
Source 2 Ritchie, Donald, and Albert Broussard. American History The Early Years To 1877. Westerville OH: Glencoe McGraw Hill, 1997
Source 3 "The Declaration Of Independence: The Want, Will, And Hopes of the People." US History. July 4, 1995. Independence Hall Association. 22 Jan 2007 <http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/document/>
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