The Townshend Acts
By: Luke

Townshend Acts Overview

Many members of Parliament didn’t like giving in to the Colonists when the repealed the Stamp Act, which taxed them directly. Charles Townshend was a person who was not concerned with the colonists rights, so he invented a new way of taxing the Colonists indirectly, which he recommended to Parliament who passed it and named the tax the Townshend Acts. In response to the Townshend Taxes the Colonists stopped buying imported British goods, which hurt the merchants trade so the merchants convinced Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts. In 1770 Parliament withdrew all the Townshend taxes except the one taxing them on tea to show Parliaments right to tax the colonists. Colonists protested against what they called “taxation without representation.” The protests were extremely violent in Boston, and on March 5, 1770 it climaxed into a street fight between townspeople and British soldiers. Soldiers fired into a crowd of rioters killing 5 including a black patriot named Crispus Attucks. These were the first people to die because of the British policies and acts. It became known as the Boston Massacre. Because of the Townshend Acts the Patriots started setting up committees of correspondence all over the colonies particularly in Boston in 1772, which helped unite the colonies in their struggle with Britain.  


Who
What
When
Where
Why
How
Effect

Charles Townshend Chancellor of the Exchequer, the British Parliament and Crown, King George III imposed a set of taxes named the Townshend Acts for their creater.

The Townshend Acts taxed the colonists on British imports like tea, paint, paper, lead, and glass. Just to get some extra money off of their citizens.

The Townshend Act was imposed on the colonists in the summer of 1767, to replace the Stamp Act.

Throughout the colonies, but not in Great Britain. It seems as though Parliament was prejudiced towards the colonists.

Because Parliament didn’t like giving in to the colonists when they repealed the Stamp Act. They needed to figure some new way to tax the colonists for the expenses of the French and Indian War, and to pay British colonial officials. So Townshend came up with the Townshend Acts to tax the colonists “indirectly” through tea, paint, paper, lead, and glass.  Parliament and the King liked the idea and imposed the new tax immediately.

Through taxing them on British imports such as: tea, paint, lead, paper, and glass. The tax money was used to pay the British officials in the colonies

Colonists started boycotting the British imports that were being taxed which took a toll on the British merchants that made a living selling those items. It also helped the colonists join together and form resistance groups such as the Sons of Liberty and committees of correspondence, along with the First Continental Congress. Eventually, Parliament gave up on the Townshend Acts and repealed them, only to be replaced by yet another pointless tax.

Paint             Lead pencils      Tea          Paper                                                                                                    Glass
Info Bibliography

"Townshend Acts Imposed on the Colonies 1767." Townshend Acts Imposed on the Colonies 1767. 2000. MultiEducator Inc.. 10 Jan 2007 <http://www.multied.com/Revolt/Townshend.html>.

Martin, James Kirby. "Revolutionary War in America." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Place of access. Date of access.] <http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar466820>. 

Ritchie, Donald, and Albert Broussard. Taxes and Boycotts. 1997. Westerville: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., 1997.

Picture Bibliography
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