Townshend Acts

    by: Ean


     In the summer of 1766, King George III of England replaced Prime Minister Rockingham with William Pitt. Pitt opposed the stamp act and believed that colonists had their right to look at the rights of English citizens. Pitt suddenly got sick, thats when Charles Townsend, took over the government.
    
Townsend wasnt concerned with the colonists problems. He persuaded parliament into creating laws imposing new taxes on the colonists. One of which laws included taxes on lead, paint, paper, glass, and tea The Acts also insured that colonial officials would receive their salaries directly from the king
.

           
The British parliament repeased the Townsend duties on everything but ships. Since the opposition was raising and the colony was falling, so the British found out there methods werent working. The British governor, lord north, maintained the taxes on tea. In order to underscore the parilmant

         
The Townshend Acts were a British trick to cut the British land tax and tax the colonists.  The British treasurer Charles Townshend had the idea for the tax and the King liked it.

The Townshend Acts started in June of 1767.    The act established a board of customs collectors in Boston.  The money collected from these import taxes was used to pay the salaries of the British colonial officials.  This made them more independant of the colonial legislative and more able to enforce the British orders and laws.

It caused the colonists to be angry.The Townshend  Acts called for new import taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.  In March, 1770, the Townshend Acts were repealed except for the tax on tea.

The Townshend Acts were very unpopular with the colonists, who criticized the Acts and confirmed in protest in October.  The colonists decided to once again boycott all English items.
                                                           
                                                                         




Sources

"Townshend Acts Imposed on the Colonies." History Central. 2000. 11 Jan 2007 < http://www.multied.com/Revolt/Townshend.html


Martin, James Kirby. "Revolutionary War in America." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. [Place of access. Date of access.] < http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar466820 >.

" Townshend Acts Repealed 1770." History Central. 2000. 11 Jan 2007 < http://www.multied.com/Revolt/TownshendRepealed.html  >.