In 1766, then king, George III dismissed Prime Minister Rockingham from his position. In Rockinghams place, King George selected William Pitt (a praiseworthy man who was well-liked by the colonists) as the new prime minister. Pitt believed that the colonists, as English citizens, were at liberty to have the same rights as those English citizens living in Britain. Soon, Pitt became very ill, and so Charles Townshend took over his position. Townshend didnt care about the colonists as much as William Pitt had. He wanted the English Parliament to have greater power in the colonies. The Townshend Acts are named after him, because he convinced the Parliament to pass them. These acts consist of several items that the colonists would be taxed on. The items were lead, paper, glass, paint, and tea that was brought in to the colonies. Also, the legislature of New York would not be effective, until it agreed to house British soldiers that were garrisoned in the colony. Moreover, government officials working in the colonies were to be paid by the king.
In 1770, the Parliament revoked the Townshend Acts& all of them but tea.
They kept the taxes on tea, to keep some authority.
Townshend Acts imposed on the Colonies and Townshend Acts Repealed HistoryCentral.com
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