Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta Georgia. He was named Michael, but later had his name changed to Martin. Martin Luther graduated from high school when he was 15. He graduated at the top of a white class in college, and enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University. There he met his wife and later had 4 children.
He became a pastor in Montgomery, Alabama, and was a strong worker for civil rights and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He lead a boycott that lasted 382 days and his home was bombed,and he was arrested, but was seen as a leader. In December of 1956, the Supreme Court of the United States had said that the laws requiring segregation on buses were unconstitutional.
King travled over 6 million miles and spoke over 25 hundred times. He wrote 5 books and many articles. He led protests that the whole world knew about, and had big ideas for more freedom for blacks. He lead a peceful march on Washington D.C. with 250,000 people where he addressded his speech, “I Have A Dreem.” He was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963, and became not only the leader blacks in America but also a world figure.
On April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Tennessee, he was assassinated .